K of Provence & Boso, I

Male Abt 840 - 887  (~ 47 years)

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  • Name Boso  
    Title K of Provence & 
    Born Abt 840 
    Gender Male 
    Died Nov 887  Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I2830  My Genealogy
    Last Modified 10 Feb 2020 

    Father Budwine,   d. Between 864 and 869 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Richilda of Arles,   d. 883 
    Relationship natural 
    Family ID F4040  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Ermengarde Of Italy,   b. 855,   d. 896  (Age 41 years) 
    Married 877 
     1. Louis "The Blind",   b. 878, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep 928, Arles, Pyrénées-Orientales, Languedoc-Roussillon, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years)  [natural]
     2. Ermengarde of Vienne  [natural]
     3. Ingelberge of Provence  [natural]
    Last Modified 10 Feb 2020 
    Family ID F911  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsDied - Nov 887 - Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Boso of Provence Boso was a Frankish nobleman, related to the Carolingian dynasty, and rose to be King of Provence. Boso was the son of Biwin, a count in Lotharingia. His aunt Theutberga was the wife of the Emperor Lothar II. Boso also was a nephew of the Italian count Boso, from which Boso derived his name, and of Hugbert, lay abbot of St. Maurice d’Agaune, which he succeeded as lay abbot in 869. In 870 Charles the Bald, King of Western Francia, married Boso's sister Richilde. This marriage paved the way for Boso's career in the service of his royal brother-in-law. In the same year, Bosos was appointed count of Lyons and Vienne, replacing Gerard of Rousillon, and in 872 Charles appointed him chamberlain and magister ostiariorum to Charles' young son Louis the Stammerer and also count of Bourges. Louis ruled as a subordinate king of Aquitaine, but because of his youth, it was Boso who took care of the administration of that realm. In autumn of 875 he accompanied Charles on his first Italian campaign and at the diet of Pavia in February 876 he was appointed arch-minister and missus for Italy and elevated to the honour of a duke. He probably had also been charged with the administration of the Provence. Boso acted as a viceroy and increased his prestige even more by marrying Ermengarde, the only daughter of Emperor Louis II. He however disapproved of Charles' second Italian campaign in 877 and conspired with other, like-minded nobles against his king. After Charles's death in October 877 these nobles forced Charles's son Louis the Stammerer to confirm their rights and privileges. Boso also formed close relations to the Papacy and in September 878 he accompanied Pope John VIII to Troyes, where the Pope asked king Louis the Stammerer for his support in Italy. The Pope adopted Boso as his son and probably offered to crown Louis Emperor. In April 879 king Louis the Stammerer died, leaving behind two adult sons, Louis and Carloman. Boso joined with other western Frankish nobles and advocated making Louis the sole heir of the western kingdom, but eventually both brothers were elected kings. Boso, claiming reasons of legitimacy, however renounced allegiance to both brothers and in July claimed independence ("Boso Dei gratia id quod sum"). He also claimed that his father-in-law Louis II had named him as his heir. On 15 October, 879 the bishops and nobles of the region around the rivers Rhone and Saone assembled at Mantaille elected Boso king as successor to Louis the Stammerer. This event marks the first occurrence of a "free election", without regard to royal descent, inspired by principles of ecclesiastical elections. Boso's realm, usually called Kingdom of Provence comprised the church province Arles, Aix, Vienne, Lyons (without Langres), probably Besancon, as well as the dioceses Tarentaise, Uzes und Viviers. After Louis and Carloman had divided their father's realm at Amiens in March 880, the two brothers marched against Boso, took Macon and the northern parts of Boso's realm. They united their forces with those of Charles the Fat and unsuccesfully besieged Vienne from August to November. In August 882 Boso was again besieged at Vienne by his relative Richard, Count of Autun, who took the city in September. After this, Boso could not regain most of his realm and was restricted to the vicinity of Vienne. He died in 887 and was succeeded by his son Louis